Composting is a great way to keep organic material out of landfills. It's good environmental practice and an inexpensive way of adding nutrients back into the soil.
Applying compost to soil improves its texture, structure, aeration ability and water holding capacity. It adds up to improved soil fertility and root development. Trees, flowers or vegetables will grow healthier with less chemicals or fertilizers.
* Compost bin or outdoor area to compost
* Aeration tool such as a pitch fork or compost aerator
* Small pail to hold kitchen food scraps
* Organic material such as yard waste, food scraps and shredded paper
* Compost activator or accelerator including urea, manure, or bone meal to help the compost process start quickly and efficiently.
An effective compost pile must be large enough to hold the heat in the center while still allowing air to permeate the pile. When creating a pile, maintain the size from at least 3’ x 3’ x 3’ to no larger than 5’ x 5 x 5’. Adding the same volume of materials to a purchased bin will optimize decomposition.
* Look for a level, well-drained area.
* Keep it accessible.
* Keep the pile or bin in a sunny spot to trap solar heat. If it's too hot, the compost may dry out and need water to continue decomposition.
* Shelter it near a building or landscaping that blocks wind to protect the compost pile from freezing winds.
* Build a pile over permeable soil or lawn.
* Find a spot that allows you to compost discretely, especially if you have neighboring yards close by.
Learn how you can use worms to make compost from your kitchen scraps by creating your own worm bin. View page.